Vistas a lo largo de Speedway Joel Perlman

Joel Perlman, Square Tilt, 1983. Steel. Photo by Dror Balinger.

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Who: Joel Perlman

What: Square Tilt

Where: Perry Casteñada Library Courtyard

When: 1983

Why: This sculpture by Joel Perlman is like a picture window. If you stand on one side, you see a small piece of a large building through the frame. From the other side, you see trees and a road. Perlman is inspired by the energy, shapes, and materials of New York City. Does anything about this work remind you of New York?


Perlman left the metal raw so that it would age and weather naturally. There is no front or back to this sculpture; viewers are meant to walk around it and look through it just like Mark di Suvero’s Clock Knot. Do you notice anything about this work that reminds you of the big red beams used in Clock Knot?


Look through the opening of the sculpture at the building. Do you notice anything new? Try looking through the pane from the other direction. How does it change? Ask a friend to pose on the other side to see if how they pose changes the way you feel about the work.

Audio Transcript

Valerie Fletcher: Joel Perlman like Anthony Caro, Robert Murray, and many other sculptors of the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s believe in geometric abstraction as the style, the form most appropriate to our modern era. Abstraction was considered by many artists to be comparable to many of the accomplishments of the modern era. For example, Morse code, computer code, other means of communication that is not literal. Abstraction is considered the visual equivalent of such other languages, which are not at first glance understandable.

Joel Perlman, however, liked to create works that focused on the idea of a window or gateway or a portal. Square Tilt is typical of his works of the 1980s, in which he set up a frame, in this case almost a perfect square, set it on an angle, a tilt and then applied other linear and rectangular elements, flat ones, to this flat square frame. These compositions read beautifully from the front and from the back; from either side they almost disappear into a line or two. When you look at them from the front or back, however, you see them possibly as the equivalent for a window onto a vista, but you can also see them as abstract compositions in which the geometric forms play well with each other.

In this way, he was inspired by the early masters of abstraction, especially the Russians Suprematists and Constructivists who believed that using such forms would help to inspire and educate people to think on a higher plane, a higher level of awareness. Square Tilt, although it’s made of heavy sheet steel, does have a lightness, a perkiness, and it does question whether abstract art is viable in its own right as a pleasing composition or does it gain because it is contrast to its environment. When placed in front of a modern building for example, its forms are in harmony with the geometric style of most modern buildings. When placed in an open space or even a country space you then see people and landscape through it and it integrates the natural with the artificial.